The 1930 Household of James A. Hemphill

Hemphill Roberts genealogyCensus Abstract:

  1. James A. Hemphill, Head, rented home, lived on a farm, male, white, age 51, married, age at first marriage was 19, did not attend school during the year, literate, b. GA, father b. NC, mother b. GA, English speaker, farmer on a farm, worked on his own account, employed, not a veteran, farm schedule #2.
  2. Nancy A., wife and homemaker, female, white, age 53, married, age at first marriage was 21, did not attend school during the year, literate, she and both parents born in GA, English speaker, no occupation.
  3. William E., son, male, white, age 20, single, did not attend school during the year, literate, he and both parents born in GA, English speaker, laborer on a farm, unpaid family worker, employed, not a veteran.
  4. John E., son, male, white, age 14, single, attended school during the year, literate, he and both parents born in GA, English speaker, laborer on a farm, unpaid family worker, employed, veteran status blank [census enumerators were instructed to leave this field blank for males under the age of 21].
  5. Robt M, son, male, white, age 12, single, attended school during the year, literate, he and both parents born in GA, English speaker, laborer on a farm, unpaid family worker, employed, veteran status blank.

The family lived on Federal Road in Ball Ground, Militia District 925 of Murray County, Georgia.

Analysis of the data:

  1. According to this census, James A. Hemphill was born approximately 1879.  His World War I draft registration card and headstone both state April 19, 1879.  The 1880, 1900, and 1910 censuses all imply an 1879 birth date; only the 1920 census implies an 1880 birth date, which is not a significant difference.  All the other information related to J. A. (marriage information, birthplaces for him and his parents, literacy, occupation, veteran status, etc.) is consistent with all other sources.
  2. Nancy A. (known as Alice), was born approximately 1877.  Her death certificate and headstone both state January9, 1877.  The 1880, 1900, and 1910 censuses all imply an 1877 birth date, with the 1920 census implying 1878; again, this is an insignificant difference.  The only inconsistency in Alice’s information is the birthplace of her father.  The 1880 and 1900 censuses both state that he was born in Tennessee; since she lived with her parents at the time of both those enumerations, Tennessee is the more probable birthplace for him.  One can assume that whomever spoke with the census enumerator in 1930 did not know where Alice’s father was born.
  3. J. A.’s and Alice’s reported ages at first marriage imply that they were married in 1898.  In fact, they were married December 25, 1897 in Murray County, Georgia (not a significant difference).
  4. William E. (known as Elmer) was born approximately 1910 according to this census.  He was born July 5, 1910 according to both his military discharge and a newspaper article about a birthday dinner for him and his brother.  The 1920 census implies a birth year of 1911 (insignificant difference).  I do not know the date of his first marriage, but his first son was born in 1934, so there is no reason to disbelieve the statement that he is single.  All other information about Elmer is consistent with other sources.
  5. John E. was born approximately 1916 according to this census.  He was, in fact, born on January 28, 1916, which can be proved through his World War II Army enlistment record and death certificate.  There are no inconsistencies regarding in this census for my grandfather.
  6. Robt M (Robert) was born approximately 1918 according to this census.  He was aged 1 on 1920 census, but his death certificate and headstone both state a birthdate of November 24, 1918.  All other information is consistent with other sources.

Murray County Georgia historyThe Neighbors

J. A. lived in the 2nd household enumerated in his district.  I had a hard time deciding how to handle extracting 25 households in each direction, since I wasn’t sure what other district to choose.  I ended up staying in the Ball Ground district and just extracting until I reached 51 households total.

Surnames include:  Baggett, Barton, Bates, Beacham, Bedwell, Betton, Black, Blackwell, Bowers, Brown, Burch, Calhoun, Campbell, Carrol, Chambers, Charles, Corn, Davis, Dean, Green, Griffin, Hemphill, Hensley, Ingram, Jackson, King, Kisselburg, Manis, Messer, Moone, Moore, Nalan, Nolan, Osborne, Parker, Pritchett, Quarles, Silvers, Smith, Taylor, and Tippen.

In the 51 households, there were 282 residents, meaning that the average household was comprised of 5.3 people. As expected, almost all homemakers were the wife of the head of household; only four were either the head of household or a daughter. The majority were renters; only 3 owned their own homes.. Only 1 household had a radio set (Dr. Bates).  Everyone lived on a farm.  230 of the neighbors were white, while 52 were Negro.  Their average age was 23.  97 people were married, 176 were single, 8 were widowed (one was illegible). Females usually married for the first time at age 20, while males waited until they were 24. Without taking into account age, 12% of the females had attended school during the year, compared to 15% of the males. Seventy percent of residents over the age of 10 were literate.  All but three residents were born in Georgia, with the exceptions being from Tennessee, North Carolina, and Texas. Furthermore, their parents were mostly born in Georgia also, with a few other states represented. Almost everyone was engaged in farming, but there was one physician and two teachers.

Some family members were also neighbors.  J. A. and Nancy’s eldest son, James Y. appeared four households down, with his wife and baby daughter.  J. A.’s sister-in-law, Mattie, appeared seventeen households away, with her daughter; Mattie’s son and family lived next door.

Other Hemphills and Roberts’ in Murray County

There was one additional Hemphill household in the county, headed by John (the son of Mattie from the previous paragraph).

The county contains 30 Roberts’ in six households. The Roberts’ households are headed by “Rosevelyn” (Alice’s mother), William L. (Alice’s brother), Jud (Alice’s first cousin), Arthur Q. (Alice’s first cousin), Lester (unknown relationship), Charles (unknown relationship), and Glenn E. (probably unrelated, as he was born in Kentucky).

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